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2020年6月英语六级词汇和语法精选习题六

来源:中华考试网   2020-03-19   【

  1. Little is known of his childhood ____ at a factory at the early age of ten.

  A. to begin to work B. beginning to workC. save that he began to work D. about that he worked

  2. There is a general understanding among the members of the Board of Directors that chief attention ____to the undertaking that is expected to bring highest profit.

  A. is given B. gives C. should be given D. must be given

  3. They did not find ____ to prepare for the worst conditions they might meet.

  A. worth their while B. it worthwhile C. it worth D. it worthy

  4. Quarter horses can start more quickly, turn more sharply, and run faster over short courses ____ breeds can.

  A. than the other B. other C. than other D. of all other

  5. Most insurance agents would rather you ____ anything about collecting claims until they investigate the situation.

  A. do B. didn’t do C. don’t D. didn’t

  6. “I’m surely dirty, ____?”

  A. am I B. isn’t I C. aren’t I D. am not I

  7. ____ illness, he retired.

  A. Thanks to B. According to C. Owing to D. For the sake of

  8. This car has many features including ____.

  A. stereo, safety devices, air condition, and it saves gas

  B. good music, safe devices, air conditioning,and gas

  C. stereo, safety devices, air conditioned and good gas

  D. stereo, safety devices, air conditioning, and low gas mileage

  9. Every boy and girl must have ____ hair neatly combed.

  A. his B. her C. its D. their

  10. I wish you ____ Jim so much. He is still very depressed.

  A. not to hurt B. didn’t hurt C. would not D. had not hurt

  答案详解:

  1. C)【句意】人们对他的童年了解得很少,只知道他早在10岁就在工厂里工作。

  【难点】此处save为介词,相当于except,但不太通俗,其后除接名词或代词外,也可接that 引导的从句。

  2. C)【句意】董事会的成员一致认为主要的精力应该放在为取得最高利润而做的努力上面。

  【难点】understanding 如同suggestion, motion, plan, idea, order等词一样,其后的同位语从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟语气,should加原形动词或直接用原形动词。

  3. B)【句意】他们发现为可能遇到的最差的条件做准备是不值得的。

  【难点】在find it worthwhile to prepare …中,find之后是一个复合结构,其中it是形式宾语,真正的宾语是to prepare, worthwhile (值得花时间的)是宾语补足语。

  4. C)【句意】在短道上,四分之一英里赛马比其它品种的马起动要快,转弯要急,跑得也更快。

  【难点】than other breeds can 是一个比较状语从句,与前边的more quickly, more sharply, faster 等相呼应。A),D)本身是错的,B)无比较意思。

  5. B)【句意】多数保险代理人宁愿你在他们调查了情况之后才提出申诉。

  【难点】would rather 后跟的从句用动词过去时,表示“宁愿别人…”,而C)和D)无实义动词,故B)是正确的。

  6. C)【句意】我身上很脏,是不是?

  【难点】“I am+表语”这一结构的反意疑问句是一固定结构,即aren’t I。

  7. C)【句意】由于疾病,他退休了。

  【难点】owing to意为“由于,因为”;thanks to意为“幸亏”;according to意为“根据”;for the sake of意为“为了…”。

  8. D)【句意】这辆小汽车有很多特点,包括音响、安全装置、空调和低耗的油表。

  【难点】此题测试平行结构。所谓平行结构指的是句子的并列成分在结构上应该一致或相同。A)中it saves gas 为句子。B)中尽管各成分在结构上等同,但逻辑意义上不成立,gas指“汽油”,凡汽车皆有,不能构成该车的特点。C)中各成分尽管结构等同,但表示的意义并不指该车的特点。

  9. A) 【句意】每个男孩和女孩必须将自己的头发梳得干净,整齐。

  【难点】当我们提到两个单数名词,一个是阳性,另一个是阴性,它们由and 相联,并由each 或every所修饰时,其物主代词应为his。

  10. D)【句意】我但愿你没有叫吉姆那么伤心,他现在仍然很沮丧。

  【难点】此题测试wish后虚拟语气表示的不同含义;wish后面可跟复合结构,只有否定形式的过去虚拟语气D)had not hurt 才符合题意。

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